Nieposłuszeństwo kluczem do odblokowania Europy

Pisze Gaël De Santis

Jeśli francuska lewica, zjednoczona w Nowej Unii Ludowej, Ekologicznej i Socjalnej zdobędzie większość parlamentarną, zamierza złamać pewne zasady europejskie. Strategia ta ma na celu przekształcenie UE od góry do dołu, aby odejść od dogmatu konkurencji i oszczędności budżetowych.

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Disobedience, a key to unlocking Europe

By Gaël De Santis

If it obtains a parliamentary majority, the New Popular, Ecological and Social Union (NUPES) intends to break with certain European rules. It is a strategy that aims to transform the EU from top to bottom to get out of the dogma of competition and austerity.

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Ukraine war and the left: We need a discussion, not censorship

It’s the XXI century, we have most crucial things to achieve together – but we cannot even discuss the war crisis we are in now. How can we work on much more complex issues, if some of us do not even want to have a real debate?  How are we presenting ourselves in the eyes of decision-making elites? Are they more vigilant now, aware that a social-oriented left can pose a challenge to them – or relaxed seeing this farce of unity and discussion?

Comment by Wojciech Łobodziński

Position of the Polish, more broadly speaking, Central-European left-wing forces on the conflict in Ukraine for some might be uncanny. It is not easy for Western left-wing activists to watch the enthusiasm for NATO and to hear calls for more arms for Ukraine -yet, knowing the history of the region allows to understand the background of such a position. And the war, with its chaos and constantly developing events, is not making the debate easier.

In fact, the debate is hardly taking place. And I need to say that: there are also some limits after which disapproval becomes censorship, provoking hatred between international comrades. Needless to say, this is absolutely counter-productive: if we do not discuss issues from our diverse viewpoints, how can we work together for a better world?

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Jean-Luc Mélenchon: putem cuceri puterea

Interviu realizat de Cross-border Talks cu ziaristul francez Gael de Santis de la l’Humanite despre alegerile prezidențiale franceze din aprilie 2022 și ce va urma după ele

Liderul curentului politic de stânga din Franța încearcă să convingă publicul să susțină lista unită a stângii la alegerile legislative din iunie 2022

Diego Chauvet și Julia Hamlaoui de la l’Humanité 

Jean-Luc Mélenchon este liderul partidului politic de stânga Franța Nesupusă. Anterior, el a fost europarlamentar și unul dintre fondatorii Stângii din Franța. La alegerile prezidențiale, a obținut 21,95% din voturi și a fost aproape să ajungă în turul al doilea. 

În urma alegerilor prezidențiale din aprilie 2022, au existat semne că o parte a opiniei publice franceze are nemulțumiri față de ambii candidați principali la Palatul Elysee – Emmanuel Macron și Marine le Pen. Mélenchon încearcă să atragă votul celor care caută o a treia cale: o Franță socială. 

Interviul a fost publicat pentru prima dată la 28 aprilie 2022, înainte ca partidele de stânga din Franța să convină să formeze NUPES:  Noua Uniune Populară, Ecologică și Socială. 

Acest interviu a fost tradus și republicat de Cross-Border Talks datorită participării la Alianța mediatică condusă de Transform!Italia. Mulțumiri speciale pentru cooperare se cuvin revistei italiene Left.

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Jean-Luc Mélenchon: we can conquer the power

A Cross-border Talks’ interview with Gael de Santis – a journalist at l’Humanite, in which he analyses the results of the French presidential elections of April 2022

The leader of the left-wing political tendency in France tries to convince the public to support the united list of the left at the parliamentary elections in June 2022

Diego Chauvet and Julia Hamlaoui of l’Humanité 

Jean-Luc Mélenchon is the leader of French left-wing political party France Unbowed. Previously, he was a MEP and one of the founders of the Left party in France. In the recent presidential elections, he got 21,95% of the vote and almost made it to the second round. 

Following the April 2022 presidential elections, there were signs that a part of the French public has grievances towards both leading candidates for the Elysee Palace – Emmanuel Macron and Marine le Pen. Mélenchon tries to attract the vote of those who look for a third way: a social France. 

The interview was first published on 28 April 2022, before the left-wing parties in France agreed to form NUPES:  New Popular Union, Ecological and Social. 

This interview has been translated and republished by Cross-Border Talks thanks to participation in the Media Alliance led by transform!italia. Special thanks for co-operation go to the Italian magazin Left.

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Gael de Santis: Nu e suficient ca Franța și UE să fie autonome, trebuie să fie sociale

Cross-border Talks vorbește cu editorul internațional al revistei franceze de stânga l’Humanite despre recentele alegeri prezidențiale franceze, despre votanții și stilul politic al lui Emmanuel Macron, Marine Le Pen și Jean-Luc Melenchon, despre ideile de independență și autonomie a UE în relațiile internaționale, despre interesele franceze în Europa de Sud-Est și despre provocările celui de-al doilea mandat prezidențial al lui Emmanuel Macron

Veronika Susova-Salminen, Vladimir Mitev

Gael de Santis este un jurnalist francez de stânga, care a scris pe larg despre populismul din UE, afacerile europene, probleme de apărare etc. El a discutat cu Cross-border Talks despre actuala fractură a sistemului politic francez în trei mari curente – centru (Emmanuel Macron), stânga (Jean-Luc Melenchon) și extrema dreaptă (Marine Le Pen, Eric Zemmour și alții). El observă polarizarea între zonele rurale și cele urbane, între persoanele în vârstă cu mai mult capital și populația activă. Chiar dacă Macron a câștigat cu o majoritate bună, îl așteaptă o serie de provocări, deoarece încearcă să afirme vocea independentă a Franței în relațiile internaționale. 

De Santis consideră că, în ciuda războiului din Ucraina, interesele economice ale Franței și Germaniei le determină să caute cooperarea cu Rusia. El consideră, de asemenea, că ideea unei “autonomii strategice” a UE ar putea reveni pe agenda UE dacă criza din Ucraina se va încheia în 1-2 ani. Întrebat despre interesele Franței în sud-estul Europei, el a amintit legătura specială a Franței cu România. Și a adăugat că Macron și opinia publică franceză sunt interesați să contracareze tendințele negative, precum dumpingul social (forța de muncă ieftină) și corupția, afirmând totodată o apărare independentă a UE. 

Interviul cu subtitrări în limba română poate fi urmărit aici:

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What does the European left do to overcome the crisis in the EU?

The European left party is looking for alternatives to the current capitalist-ridden and crisis-laden model of development of the EU (source: european-left.org)

Is it possible to reform the European Union in a left-wing spirit? What are the tasks for the anti-capitalist left for the here and now? Heinz Bierbaum, president of the European Left Party speaks to Cross-border Talks

Małgorzata Kulbaczewska-Figat

Heinz Bierbaum is a sociologist and economist and head of the International Commission of the party Die LINKE. In December 2019 he was elected new president of the Party of the European Left. He was a Secretary of the trade union IG Metall from 1980 to 1996, and his scholarly work focuses on industrial and social policy.

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Danièle Obono: Mamy kryzys egzystencjalny, rynek go nie rozwiąże 

Tysiące żółtych kamizelek (Gilets Jaunes) protestuje w Paryżu, domagając się obniżenia podatków od paliw, przywrócenia podatku solidarnościowego od majątku, podwyższenia płacy minimalnej oraz ustąpienia Emmanuela Macrona ze stanowiska prezydenta Francji, 09 lutego 2019 r. (źródło: Norbu Gyachung, CC BY-SA 4.0)

O szansach Jeana-Luca Mélenchona w nadchodzących wyborach prezydenckich, o tym, jak francuska lewica przekonuje do głosowania tych, którzy nie zamierzają głosować wcale i o tym, kto jest prawdziwym wrogiem pracowników rozmawiamy z Danièle Obono, parlamentarzystką Nieuległej Francji

Małgorzata Kulbaczewska-Figat

Danièle Obono jest posłanką La France Insoumise od 2017 roku. Była rzeczniczką Jean-Luca Melenchona, a także partii. Ma tytuł magistra historii i pracowała jako bibliotekarka. Urodziła się w Gabonie, a w 2011 r. uzyskała obywatelstwo francuskie.

Kilka lat temu na ulice wychodziły miliony Francuzów. Ruch Żółtych Kamizelek ożywiał stare rewolucyjne hasła, domagał się równości, braterstwa, sprawiedliwości społecznej. Podstawowa intuicja podpowiada, że są to hasła lewicowe. Gdzie więc jest teraz francuska lewica, w przededniu wyborów prezydenckich? Co się stało z tamtą energią i wolą zmian?

Danièle Obono: To paradoks, ale faktycznie – po dwóch wielkich ruchach społecznych, największych w moim pokoleniu, notowania lewicy są dalekie od najlepszych w historii wyników, jakie potrafiła osiągać. Mówię o dwóch ruchach, bo oprócz Żółtych Kamizelek był jeszcze ruch sprzeciwu wobec reformy emerytalnej – innymi słowy, na porządku dziennym stanęły wszystkie kluczowe wyzwania naszych czasów. Miliony ludzi głośno wołały o sprawiedliwość społeczną, walkę o ratowanie klimatu i o to, by zmiany gospodarcze z nią związane nie pociągnęły za sobą nowych, drastycznych nierówności. Nieuległa Francja wspierała każdy z oddolnych ruchów. Protestowaliśmy też przeciwko brutalnemu pacyfikowaniu Żółtych Kamizelek przez policję. Nasza reprezentacja parlamentarna walczyła, korzystając z dostępnych narzędzi, przeciwko reformie emerytalnej. A jednak nie przełożyło się to na radykalny wzrost poparcia.

Kandydat Nieuległej Francji, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, jest obecnie w sondażach trzeci, za Macronem i Marine Le Pen. Wiele jeszcze może się zmienić. Pewne jest tylko jedno: jesteśmy jedyną lewicową alternatywą dla różnego rodzaju prawicy i skrajnej prawicy.

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Danièle Obono: We have an existential crisis and the market will not solve it 

Thousands of yellow vests (Gilets Jaunes) protests in Paris calling for lower fuel taxes, reintroduction of the solidarity tax on wealth, a minimum wage increase, and Emmanuel Macron’s resignation as President of France, 09 February 2019 (source: Norbu Gyachung, CC BY-SA 4.0)

On Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s chances in the upcoming presidential election, on how the French left is talking to those who do not intend to vote at all and who is the real enemy of the working people – Małgorzata Kulbaczewska-Figat  talks to Danièle Obono, MP of La France insoumise.

Małgorzata Kulbaczewska-Figat

Danièle Obono is MP for La France Insoumise since 2017. She used to be the spokesperson of Jean-Luc Melenchon and the party as well. She has a master degree in history and used to work as a librarian. Born in Gabon, she has become naturalized French citizen in 2011.

Mrs. Obono, A few years ago, millions of French people took to the streets. The Yellow Vest Movement revived old revolutionary demands, among which equality, fraternity and social justice. Basic intuition suggests that these are leftist slogans. So where is the French left now, on the eve of the presidential election? What happened to that energy and the will to change?

Danièle Obono: It’s a paradox, but indeed – after two great social movements, the greatest we have seen in France, the left’s ratings are far from their highest. I am talking about two movements because, apart from the Yellow Vests, there was also a movement against the pension reform – in other words, all the key challenges of our time stood on the order of the day. Millions of people have  called for social justice, climate justice and economic justice. La France insoumise supported each of the grassroots movements. We also protested against the brutal pacification of the Yellow Vests by the police. Our parliamentary representation fought against the pension reform. However, this did not translate into a radical increase of support.

La France insoumise candidate Jean-Luc Mélenchon is currently third in the polls, behind Macron and Marine Le Pen. A lot can still change. Only one thing is certain: we are the only left-wing alternative to all kinds of right and extreme right.

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Stop the war! An appeal for a Europe of peace

(source: Pixabay, CC0)

Transform!Europe Peace Manifesto

This document was published by the network Transform!Europe on 25 February 2022. It is a partner to the European Left Party. The press release for the peace manifest can be read here.

Transform!Europe condemns the attack that Russia, under the governance of Vladimir Putin, has launched upon Ukraine. We reject the use of military force against a sovereign state, just as we have previously rejected NATO forces deployment in countries bordering Russia, and in countries of Asia and Africa and Europe. We therefore call for an immediate ceasefire, stop of the bombings, the withdrawal of Russian troops from Ukraine soil and the return to the negotiating table.At the same time, we call upon the EU to put maximum effort into reengaging in peace negotiations. In these difficult times, we stand with the people of Ukraine who experience the Russian attack in full force and whose lives are in danger. We stand in solidarity with the peoples of Ukraine that are forced to leave their homes, and weave networks of solidarity for their support, including providing them with shelter and safety! We stand with the peoples in Russia who oppose Putin’s war, despite oppression, as well as the millions of other Europeans that demand peace. The solution to this unjustifiable escalation of military violence is not more violence, the solution is political, based on the principles of common, collective security concepts which prioritise the well-being of all peoples and the respect of human rights and international law. We join forces with the peace and social movements across the continent to stop this irrational war, we call upon European citizens to take the streets in the name of peace and we stand with the people of Ukraine that are forced to leave their homes. Weapons and wars should belong to the past, the future of Europe and humanity must be peace!

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